Report Cover

Global Architectural Hardware Key Trends and Opportunities to 2027


Architectural Hardware market is segmented by companies, region (country), by Type, and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Architectural Hardware market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on market size and forecast for the period 2016-2027.
Segment by Type, the Architectural Hardware market is segmented into Doors Hardware, Windows Hardware, Cabinet Hardware, Plumbing Hardware, Others, etc.
Segment by Application, the Architectural Hardware market is segmented into Residential, Non-residential, Residential, etc.

Regional and Country-level Analysis
The report offers exhaustive assessment of different region-wise and country-wise Architectural Hardware markets such as the U.S., Canada, Germany, France, the U.K., Italy, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Turkey, etc.
The report includes country-wise and region-wise market size for the period 2016-2027, by countries (regions), by Type, and by Application, as well as by players for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa.

Competitive Landscape and Architectural Hardware Market Share Analysis
Architectural Hardware market competitive landscape provides details and data information by vendors. The report offers comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2016-2021. It also offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on revenue (global and regional level) by players for the period 2016-2021. Details included are company description, major business, company total revenue and revenue generated in Architectural Hardware business, the date to enter into the Architectural Hardware market, Architectural Hardware product introduction, recent developments, etc.
The major vendors include ASSA ABLOY, Allegion, Spectrum HHI, Masco Corporation, DORMA, Roto Frank, Siegenia-aubi, Gretsch Unitas, MACO, Kin Long, Winkhaus, Sobinco, Lip Hing, 3H, GEZE, Ashland Hardware Systems, Hager Company, CompX International, Tyman, Blum, etc.
1 Report Overview
    1.1 Study Scope
    1.2 Market Analysis by Type
        1.2.1 Global Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type: 2016 VS 2021 VS 2027
        1.2.2 Doors Hardware
        1.2.3 Windows Hardware
        1.2.4 Cabinet Hardware
        1.2.5 Plumbing Hardware
        1.2.6 Others
    1.3 Market by Application
        1.3.1 Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Application: 2016 VS 2021 VS 2027
        1.3.2 Residential
        1.3.3 Non-residential
        1.3.4 Residential
    1.4 Study Objectives
    1.5 Years Considered

2 Global Growth Trend
    2.1 Global Architectural Hardware Market Perspective (2016-2027)
    2.2 Global Architectural Hardware Growth Trends by Regions
        2.2.1 Architectural Hardware Market Size by Regions: 2016 VS 2021 VS 2027
        2.2.2 Architectural Hardware Historic Market Size by Regions (2016-2021)
        2.2.3 Architectural Hardware Forecasted Market Size by Regions (2022-2027)
    2.3 Industry Trends and Growth Strategy
        2.3.1 Architectural Hardware Industry Trends
        2.3.2 Architectural Hardware Market Drivers
        2.3.3 Architectural Hardware Market Challenges
        2.3.4 Architectural Hardware Market Restraints

3 Competition Landscape by Key Players
    3.1 Global Top Architectural Hardware Players by Market Size
        3.1.1 Players Covered: Ranking by Architectural Hardware Revenue
        3.1.2 Global Top Architectural Hardware Players by Revenue (2016-2021)
        3.1.3 Global Architectural Hardware Revenue Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
        3.1.4 Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
    3.2 Global Architectural Hardware Market Concentration Ratio
        3.2.1 Global Architectural Hardware Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
        3.2.2 Global Top 5 and Top 10 Players by Architectural Hardware Revenue in 2020
    3.3 Architectural Hardware Key Players Head office and Area Served
    3.4 Key Players Architectural Hardware Product Solution and Service
    3.5 Date of Enter into Architectural Hardware Market
    3.6 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Global Architectural Hardware Breakdown Data by Type (2016-2027)
    4.1 Global Architectural Hardware Historic Market Size by Type (2016-2021)
    4.2 Global Architectural Hardware Forecasted Market Size by Type (2022-2027)

5 Global Architectural Hardware Breakdown Data by Application (2016-2027)
    5.1 Global Architectural Hardware Historic Market Size by Application (2016-2021)
    5.2 Architectural Hardware Forecasted Market Size by Application (2022-2027)

6 North America
    6.1 North America Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
    6.2 Key Architectural Hardware Players Market Share in North America (2020-2021)
    6.3 North America Architectural Hardware Market Size by Country
        6.3.1 North America Architectural Hardware Sales by Country (2016-2021)
        6.3.2 North America Architectural Hardware Market Size Forecast by Country (2022-2027)
    6.4 U.S. Market Size Analysis
        6.4.1 U.S. Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        6.4.2 U.S. Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        6.4.3 U.S. Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    6.5 Canada Market Size Analysis
        6.5.1 Canada Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        6.5.2 Canada Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        6.5.3 Canada Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
7 Europe
    7.1 Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
    7.2 Key Architectural Hardware Players Market Share in Europe (2020-2021)
    7.3 Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size by Country
        7.3.1 Europe Architectural Hardware Sales by Country (2016-2021)
        7.3.2 Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size Forecast by Country (2022-2027)
    7.4 Germany Market Size Analysis
        7.4.1 Germany Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        7.4.2 Germany Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        7.4.3 Germany Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    7.5 France Market Size Analysis
        7.5.1 France Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        7.5.2 France Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        7.5.3 France Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    7.6 U.K. Market Size Analysis
        7.6.1 U.K. Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        7.6.2 U.K. Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        7.6.3 U.K. Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    7.7 Italy Market Size Analysis
        7.7.1 Italy Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        7.7.2 Italy Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        7.7.3 Italy Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    7.8 Russia Market Size Analysis
        7.8.1 Russia Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        7.8.2 Russia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        7.8.3 Russia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
8 Asia-Pacific
    8.1 Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
    8.2 Key Architectural Hardware Players Market Share in Asia-Pacific (2020-2021)
    8.3 Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Market Size by Region
        8.3.1 Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Sales by Region (2016-2021)
        8.3.2 Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Market Size Forecast by Region (2022-2027)
    8.4 China Market Size Analysis
        8.4.1 China Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.4.2 China Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.4.3 China Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.5 Japan Market Size Analysis
        8.5.1 Japan Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.5.2 Japan Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.5.3 Japan Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.6 South Korea Market Size Analysis
        8.6.1 South Korea Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.6.2 South Korea Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.6.3 South Korea Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.7 India Market Size Analysis
        8.7.1 India Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.7.2 India Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.7.3 India Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.8 Australia Market Size Analysis
        8.8.1 Australia Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.8.2 Australia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.8.3 Australia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.9 Taiwan Market Size Analysis
        8.9.1 Taiwan Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.9.2 Taiwan Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.9.3 Taiwan Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.10 Indonesia Market Size Analysis
        8.10.1 Indonesia Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.10.2 Indonesia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.10.3 Indonesia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.11 Thailand Market Size Analysis
        8.11.1 Thailand Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.11.2 Thailand Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.11.3 Thailand Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.12 Malaysia Market Size Analysis
        8.12.1 Malaysia Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.12.2 Malaysia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.12.3 Malaysia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.13 Philippines Market Size Analysis
        8.13.1 Philippines Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.13.2 Philippines Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.13.3 Philippines Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    8.14 Vietnam Market Size Analysis
        8.14.1 Vietnam Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        8.14.2 Vietnam Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        8.14.3 Vietnam Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
9 Latin America
    9.1 Latin America Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
    9.2 Key Architectural Hardware Players Market Share in Latin America (2020-2021)
    9.3 Latin America Architectural Hardware Market Size by Country
        9.3.1 Latin America Architectural Hardware Sales by Country (2016-2021)
        9.3.2 Latin America Architectural Hardware Market Size Forecast by Country (2022-2027)
    9.4 Mexico Market Size Analysis
        9.4.1 Mexico Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        9.4.2 Mexico Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        9.4.3 Mexico Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    9.5 Brazil Market Size Analysis
        9.5.1 Brazil Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        9.5.2 Brazil Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        9.5.3 Brazil Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    9.6 Argentina Market Size Analysis
        9.6.1 Argentina Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        9.6.2 Argentina Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        9.6.3 Argentina Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
10 Middle East & Africa
    10.1 Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
    10.2 Key Architectural Hardware Players Market Share in Middle East & Africa (2020-2021)
    10.3 Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Market Size by Country
        10.3.1 Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Sales by Country (2016-2021)
        10.3.2 Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Market Size Forecast by Country (2022-2027)
    10.4 Turkey Market Size Analysis
        10.4.1 Turkey Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        10.4.2 Turkey Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        10.4.3 Turkey Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    10.5 Saudi Arabia Market Size Analysis
        10.5.1 Saudi Arabia Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        10.5.2 Saudi Arabia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        10.5.3 Saudi Arabia Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)
    10.6 UAE Market Size Analysis
        10.6.1 UAE Architectural Hardware Market Size (2016-2027)
        10.6.2 UAE Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2027)
        10.6.3 UAE Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2027)

11 Key Players Profiles
    11.1 ASSA ABLOY
        11.1.1 ASSA ABLOY Company Details
        11.1.2 ASSA ABLOY Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.1.3 ASSA ABLOY Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.1.4 ASSA ABLOY Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.1.5 ASSA ABLOY Recent Development
    11.2 Allegion
        11.2.1 Allegion Company Details
        11.2.2 Allegion Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.2.3 Allegion Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.2.4 Allegion Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.2.5 Allegion Recent Development
    11.3 Spectrum HHI
        11.3.1 Spectrum HHI Company Details
        11.3.2 Spectrum HHI Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.3.3 Spectrum HHI Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.3.4 Spectrum HHI Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.3.5 Spectrum HHI Recent Development
    11.4 Masco Corporation
        11.4.1 Masco Corporation Company Details
        11.4.2 Masco Corporation Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.4.3 Masco Corporation Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.4.4 Masco Corporation Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.4.5 Masco Corporation Recent Development
    11.5 DORMA
        11.5.1 DORMA Company Details
        11.5.2 DORMA Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.5.3 DORMA Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.5.4 DORMA Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.5.5 DORMA Recent Development
    11.6 Roto Frank
        11.6.1 Roto Frank Company Details
        11.6.2 Roto Frank Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.6.3 Roto Frank Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.6.4 Roto Frank Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.6.5 Roto Frank Recent Development
    11.7 Siegenia-aubi
        11.7.1 Siegenia-aubi Company Details
        11.7.2 Siegenia-aubi Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.7.3 Siegenia-aubi Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.7.4 Siegenia-aubi Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.7.5 Siegenia-aubi Recent Development
    11.8 Gretsch Unitas
        11.8.1 Gretsch Unitas Company Details
        11.8.2 Gretsch Unitas Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.8.3 Gretsch Unitas Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.8.4 Gretsch Unitas Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.8.5 Gretsch Unitas Recent Development
    11.9 MACO
        11.9.1 MACO Company Details
        11.9.2 MACO Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.9.3 MACO Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.9.4 MACO Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.9.5 MACO Recent Development
    11.10 Kin Long
        11.10.1 Kin Long Company Details
        11.10.2 Kin Long Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.10.3 Kin Long Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.10.4 Kin Long Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.10.5 Kin Long Recent Development
    11.11 Winkhaus
        11.11.1 Winkhaus Company Details
        11.11.2 Winkhaus Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.11.3 Winkhaus Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.11.4 Winkhaus Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.11.5 Winkhaus Recent Development
    11.12 Sobinco
        11.12.1 Sobinco Company Details
        11.12.2 Sobinco Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.12.3 Sobinco Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.12.4 Sobinco Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.12.5 Sobinco Recent Development
    11.13 Lip Hing
        11.13.1 Lip Hing Company Details
        11.13.2 Lip Hing Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.13.3 Lip Hing Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.13.4 Lip Hing Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.13.5 Lip Hing Recent Development
    11.14 3H
        11.14.1 3H Company Details
        11.14.2 3H Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.14.3 3H Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.14.4 3H Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.14.5 3H Recent Development
    11.15 GEZE
        11.15.1 GEZE Company Details
        11.15.2 GEZE Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.15.3 GEZE Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.15.4 GEZE Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.15.5 GEZE Recent Development
    11.16 Ashland Hardware Systems
        11.16.1 Ashland Hardware Systems Company Details
        11.16.2 Ashland Hardware Systems Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.16.3 Ashland Hardware Systems Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.16.4 Ashland Hardware Systems Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.16.5 Ashland Hardware Systems Recent Development
    11.17 Hager Company
        11.17.1 Hager Company Company Details
        11.17.2 Hager Company Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.17.3 Hager Company Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.17.4 Hager Company Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.17.5 Hager Company Recent Development
    11.18 CompX International
        11.18.1 CompX International Company Details
        11.18.2 CompX International Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.18.3 CompX International Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.18.4 CompX International Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.18.5 CompX International Recent Development
    11.19 Tyman
        11.19.1 Tyman Company Details
        11.19.2 Tyman Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.19.3 Tyman Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.19.4 Tyman Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.19.5 Tyman Recent Development
    11.20 Blum
        11.20.1 Blum Company Details
        11.20.2 Blum Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.20.3 Blum Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.20.4 Blum Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.20.5 Blum Recent Development
    11.21 Hettich
        11.21.1 Hettich Company Details
        11.21.2 Hettich Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.21.3 Hettich Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.21.4 Hettich Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.21.5 Hettich Recent Development
    11.22 GRASS
        11.22.1 GRASS Company Details
        11.22.2 GRASS Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.22.3 GRASS Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.22.4 GRASS Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.22.5 GRASS Recent Development
    11.23 H?fele
        11.23.1 H?fele Company Details
        11.23.2 H?fele Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.23.3 H?fele Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.23.4 H?fele Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.23.5 H?fele Recent Development
    11.24 RINOX Engineering
        11.24.1 RINOX Engineering Company Details
        11.24.2 RINOX Engineering Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.24.3 RINOX Engineering Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.24.4 RINOX Engineering Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.24.5 RINOX Engineering Recent Development
    11.25 Godrej
        11.25.1 Godrej Company Details
        11.25.2 Godrej Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.25.3 Godrej Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.25.4 Godrej Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.25.5 Godrej Recent Development
    11.26 Dorset
        11.26.1 Dorset Company Details
        11.26.2 Dorset Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.26.3 Dorset Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.26.4 Dorset Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.26.5 Dorset Recent Development
    11.27 Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd.
        11.27.1 Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Company Details
        11.27.2 Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.27.3 Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.27.4 Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.27.5 Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Recent Development
    11.28 Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd.
        11.28.1 Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Company Details
        11.28.2 Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.28.3 Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.28.4 Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.28.5 Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Recent Development
    11.29 Sugatsune India
        11.29.1 Sugatsune India Company Details
        11.29.2 Sugatsune India Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.29.3 Sugatsune India Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.29.4 Sugatsune India Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.29.5 Sugatsune India Recent Development
    11.30 Samsung Irex
        11.30.1 Samsung Irex Company Details
        11.30.2 Samsung Irex Business Overview and Its Total Revenue
        11.30.3 Samsung Irex Architectural Hardware Introduction
        11.30.4 Samsung Irex Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021)
        11.30.5 Samsung Irex Recent Development

12 Analyst's Viewpoints/Conclusion
13 Appendix
    13.1 Research Methodology
        13.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach
        13.1.2 Data Source
    13.2 Disclaimer

List of Tables Table 1. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size Growth Rate by Type (US$ Million): 2021 VS 2027 Table 2. Key Players of Doors Hardware Table 3. Key Players of Windows Hardware Table 4. Key Players of Cabinet Hardware Table 5. Key Players of Plumbing Hardware Table 6. Key Players of Others Table 7. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size Growth by Application (US$ Million): 2016 VS 2021 VS 2027 Table 8. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size by Region (US$ Million): 2016 VS 2021 VS 2027 Table 9. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size by Regions (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 10. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Regions (2016-2021) Table 11. Global Architectural Hardware Forecasted Market Size by Regions (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 12. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Regions (2022-2027) Table 13. Architectural Hardware Market Trends Table 14. Architectural Hardware Market Drivers Table 15. Architectural Hardware Market Challenges Table 16. Architectural Hardware Market Restraints Table 17. Ranking of Global Top Architectural Hardware Manufacturers by Revenue (US$ Million) in 2020 Table 18. Global Architectural Hardware Revenue by Players (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 19. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Players (2016-2021) Table 20. Global Top Architectural Hardware Players by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) (based on the Revenue in Architectural Hardware as of 2020) Table 21. Global 5 Largest Players Market Share by Architectural Hardware Revenue (CR5 and HHI) (2016-2021) Table 22. Key Players Headquarters and Area Served Table 23. Key Players Architectural Hardware Product Solution and Service Table 24. Date of Enter into Architectural Hardware Market Table 25. Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans Table 26. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size by Type (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 27. Global Architectural Hardware Revenue Market Share by Type (2016-2021) Table 28. Global Architectural Hardware Forecasted Market Size by Type (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 29. Global Architectural Hardware Revenue Market Share by Type (2022-2027) Table 30. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size by Application (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 31. Global Architectural Hardware Revenue Market Share by Application (2016-2021) Table 32. Global Architectural Hardware Forecasted Market Size by Application (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 33. Global Architectural Hardware Revenue Market Share by Application (2022-2027) Table 34. Key Players Architectural Hardware Revenue in North America (2020-2021) (US$ Million) Table 35. North America Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 36. North America Architectural Hardware Market Size Share by Countries (2016-2021) Table 37. North America Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 38. North America Architectural Hardware Market Size Share by Countries (2022-2027) Table 39. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.S., Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 40. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.S., Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 41. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.S., Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 42. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.S., Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 43. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Canada, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 44. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Canada, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 45. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Canada, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 46. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Canada, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 47. Key Players Architectural Hardware Revenue in Europe (2020-2021) (US$ Million) Table 48. Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 49. Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size Share by Countries (2016-2021) Table 50. Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 51. Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size Share by Countries (2022-2027) Table 52. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Germany, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 53. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Germany, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 54. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Germany, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 55. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Germany, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 56. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in France, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 57. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in France, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 58. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in France, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 59. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in France, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 60. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.K., Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 61. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.K., Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 62. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.K., Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 63. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in U.K., Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 64. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Italy, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 65. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Italy, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 66. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Italy, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 67. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Italy, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 68. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Russia, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 69. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Russia, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 70. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Russia, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 71. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Russia, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 72. Key Players Architectural Hardware Revenue in Asia-Pacific (2020-2021) (US$ Million) Table 73. Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Market Size by Regions (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 74. Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Market Size by Regions (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 75. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in China, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 76. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in China, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 77. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in China, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 78. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in China, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 79. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Japan, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 80. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Japan, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 81. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Japan, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 82. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Japan, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 83. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in South Korea, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 84. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in South Korea, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 85. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in South Korea, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 86. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in South Korea, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 87. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in India, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 88. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in India, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 89. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in India, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 90. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in India, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 91. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Australia, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 92. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Australia, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 93. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Australia, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 94. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Australia, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 95. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Taiwan, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 96. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Taiwan, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 97. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Taiwan, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 98. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Taiwan, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 99. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Indonesia, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 100. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Indonesia, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 101. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Indonesia, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 102. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Indonesia, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 103. Key Players Architectural Hardware Revenue in Latin America (2020-2021) (US$ Million) Table 104. Latin America Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 105. Latin America Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 106. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Mexico, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 107. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Mexico, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 108. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Mexico, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 109. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Mexico, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 110. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Brazil, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 111. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Brazil, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 112. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Brazil, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 113. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Brazil, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 114. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Argentina, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 115. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Argentina, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 116. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Argentina, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 117. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Argentina, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 118. Key Players Architectural Hardware Revenue in Middle East & Africa (2020-2021) (US$ Million) Table 119. Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 120. Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Market Size by Countries (2022-2027) (US$ Million) Table 121. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Turkey, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 122. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Turkey, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 123. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Turkey, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 124. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Turkey, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 125. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Saudi Arabia, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 126. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Saudi Arabia, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 127. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Saudi Arabia, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 128. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in Saudi Arabia, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 129. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in UAE, Breakdown by Type (2016-2021) Table 130. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in UAE, Breakdown by Type (2022-2027) Table 131. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in UAE, Breakdown by Application (2016-2021) Table 132. Architectural Hardware Market Size (US$ Million) in UAE, Breakdown by Application (2022-2027) Table 133. ASSA ABLOY Company Details Table 134. ASSA ABLOY Business Overview Table 135. ASSA ABLOY Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 136. ASSA ABLOY Architectural Hardware Architectural Hardware Product Table 137. ASSA ABLOY Recent Development Table 138. Allegion Company Details Table 139. Allegion Business Overview Table 140. Allegion Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 141. Allegion Architectural Hardware Product Table 142. Allegion Recent Development Table 143. Spectrum HHI Company Details Table 144. Spectrum HHI Business Overview Table 145. Spectrum HHI Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 146. Spectrum HHI Architectural Hardware Product Table 147. Spectrum HHI Recent Development Table 148. Masco Corporation Company Details Table 149. Masco Corporation Business Overview Table 150. Masco Corporation Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 151. Masco Corporation Architectural Hardware Product Table 152. Masco Corporation Recent Development Table 153. DORMA Company Details Table 154. DORMA Business Overview Table 155. DORMA Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 156. DORMA Architectural Hardware Product Table 157. DORMA Recent Development Table 158. Roto Frank Company Details Table 159. Roto Frank Business Overview Table 160. Roto Frank Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 161. Roto Frank Architectural Hardware Product Table 162. Roto Frank Recent Development Table 163. Siegenia-aubi Company Details Table 164. Siegenia-aubi Business Overview Table 165. Siegenia-aubi Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 166. Siegenia-aubi Architectural Hardware Product Table 167. Siegenia-aubi Recent Development Table 168. Gretsch Unitas Company Details Table 169. Gretsch Unitas Business Overview Table 170. Gretsch Unitas Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 171. Gretsch Unitas Architectural Hardware Product Table 172. Gretsch Unitas Recent Development Table 173. MACO Company Details Table 174. MACO Business Overview Table 175. MACO Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 176. MACO Architectural Hardware Product Table 177. MACO Recent Development Table 178. Kin Long Company Details Table 179. Kin Long Business Overview Table 180. Kin Long Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 181. Kin Long Architectural Hardware Product Table 182. Kin Long Recent Development Table 183. Winkhaus Company Details Table 184. Winkhaus Business Overview Table 185. Winkhaus Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 186. Winkhaus Architectural Hardware Product Table 187. Winkhaus Recent Development Table 188. Sobinco Company Details Table 189. Sobinco Business Overview Table 190. Sobinco Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 191. Sobinco Architectural Hardware Product Table 192. Sobinco Recent Development Table 193. Lip Hing Company Details Table 194. Lip Hing Business Overview Table 195. Lip Hing Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 196. Lip Hing Architectural Hardware Product Table 197. Lip Hing Recent Development Table 198. 3H Company Details Table 199. 3H Business Overview Table 200. 3H Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 201. 3H Architectural Hardware Product Table 202. 3H Recent Development Table 203. GEZE Company Details Table 204. GEZE Business Overview Table 205. GEZE Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 206. GEZE Architectural Hardware Product Table 207. GEZE Recent Development Table 208. Ashland Hardware Systems Company Details Table 209. Ashland Hardware Systems Business Overview Table 210. Ashland Hardware Systems Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 211. Ashland Hardware Systems Architectural Hardware Product Table 212. Ashland Hardware Systems Recent Development Table 213. Hager Company Company Details Table 214. Hager Company Business Overview Table 215. Hager Company Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 216. Hager Company Architectural Hardware Product Table 217. Hager Company Recent Development Table 218. CompX International Company Details Table 219. CompX International Business Overview Table 220. CompX International Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 221. CompX International Architectural Hardware Product Table 222. CompX International Recent Development Table 223. Tyman Company Details Table 224. Tyman Business Overview Table 225. Tyman Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 226. Tyman Architectural Hardware Product Table 227. Tyman Recent Development Table 228. Blum Company Details Table 229. Blum Business Overview Table 230. Blum Revenue in Architectural Hardware Business (2016-2021) (US$ Million) Table 231. Blum Architectural Hardware Product Table 232. Blum Recent Development Table 233. Hettich Company Details Table 234. GRASS Company Details Table 235. H?fele Company Details Table 236. RINOX Engineering Company Details Table 237. Godrej Company Details Table 238. Dorset Company Details Table 239. Kich Architectural Products Pvt. Ltd. Company Details Table 240. Ozone Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Company Details Table 241. Sugatsune India Company Details Table 242. Samsung Irex Company Details Table 243. Research Programs/Design for This Report Table 244. Key Data Information from Secondary Sources Table 245. Key Data Information from Primary Sources List of Figures Figure 1. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Type: 2020 & 2027 Figure 2. Doors Hardware Features Figure 3. Windows Hardware Features Figure 4. Cabinet Hardware Features Figure 5. Plumbing Hardware Features Figure 6. Others Features Figure 7. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Application: 2020 & 2027 Figure 8. Residential Case Studies Figure 9. Non-residential Case Studies Figure 10. Residential Case Studies Figure 11. Architectural Hardware Report Years Considered Figure 12. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Regions: 2016 VS 2021 VS 2027 Figure 13. Global Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth 2016-2027 (US$ Million) Figure 14. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Regions (2022-2027) Figure 15. Global Architectural Hardware Market Share by Players in 2020 Figure 16. Global Top Architectural Hardware Players by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) (based on the Revenue in Architectural Hardware as of 2020) Figure 17. The Top 10 and 5 Players Market Share by Architectural Hardware Revenue in 2020 Figure 18. North America Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 19. U.S. Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 20. Canada Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 21. Europe Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 22. Germany Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 23. France Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 24. U.K. Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 25. Italy Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 26. Russia Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 27. Asia-Pacific Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 28. China Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 29. Japan Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 30. South Korea Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 31. India Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 32. Australia Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 33. Taiwan Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 34. Indonesia Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 35. Thailand Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 36. Malaysia Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 37. Philippines Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 38. Vietnam Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 39. Latin America Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 40. Mexico Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 41. Brazil Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 42. Argentina Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 43. Middle East & Africa Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 44. Turkey Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 45. Saudi Arabia Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 46. UAE Architectural Hardware Market Size YoY Growth (2016-2027) (US$ Million) Figure 47. Bottom-up and Top-down Approaches for This Report Figure 48. Data Triangulation Figure 49. Key Executives Interviewed

This research study involved the extensive usage of both primary and secondary data sources.  The research process involved the study of various factors affecting the industry, including the government policy, market environment, competitive landscape, historical data, present trends in the market, technological innovation, upcoming technologies and the technical progress in related industry, and market risks, opportunities, market barriers and challenges. Top-down and bottom-up approaches are used to validate the global market size market and estimate the market size for manufacturers, regions segments, product segments and applications (end users). All possible factors that influence the markets included in this research study have been accounted for, viewed in extensive detail, verified through primary research, and analyzed to get the final quantitative and qualitative data. The market size for top-level markets and sub-segments is normalized, and the effect of inflation, economic downturns, and regulatory & policy changes or other factors are not accounted for in the market forecast. This data is combined and added with detailed inputs and analysis from QYResearch and presented in this report.
 

After complete market engineering with calculations for market statistics; market size estimations; market forecasting; market breakdown; and data triangulation, extensive primary research was conducted to gather information and verify and validate the critical numbers arrived at. In the complete market engineering process, both top-down and bottom-up approaches were extensively used, along with several data triangulation methods, to perform market estimation and market forecasting for the overall market segments and sub segments listed in this report. Extensive qualitative and further quantitative analysis is also done from all the numbers arrived at in the complete market engineering process to list key information throughout the report.
 

Secondary Sources occupies Approximately 25% of Sources, such as press releases, annual reports, Non-Profit organizations, industry associations, governmental agencies and customs data, and so on; This research study involved the usage of widespread secondary sources; directories; databases such as Bloomberg Business, Wind Info, Hoovers, Factiva (Dow Jones & Company), TRADING ECONOMICS, and avention; Investing News Network; statista; Federal Reserve Economic Data; annual reports; BIS Statistics; ICIS; company house documents; CAS(American Chemical Society); investor presentations; and SEC filings of companies. Secondary research was used to identify and collect information useful for the extensive, technical, market-oriented, and commercial study of the Light Aircraft market. It was also used to obtain important information about the top players, market classification and segmentation according to industry trends to the bottom-most level, and key developments related to market and technology perspectives.
 

In the primary research process, various sources from both the supply and demand sides were interviewed to obtain qualitative and quantitative information for this report. The primary sources from the supply side include product manufacturers (and their competitors), opinion leaders, industry experts, research institutions, distributors, dealer and traders, as well as the raw materials suppliers and producers etc.
 

The primary sources from the demand side include industry experts such as business leaders, marketing and sales directors, technology and innovation directors, supply chain executive, end users (product buyers), and related key executives from various key companies and organizations operating in the global market.
 

Primary research was conducted to identify segmentation types, product price range, product applications, key players, raw materials supply and the downstream demand, industry status and outlook, and key market dynamics such as risks, influence factors, opportunities, market barriers, industry trends, and key player strategies.
 

Publisher: QY Research
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